Clinical Case Database / Category: Clinical Care
Nutrition in cancer patients
Dr Mahmoud Ali Zohree Ali, Dr Paul Ross
Foundation Years Journal, volume 6, issue 9, p.46 (123Doc Education, London, October 2012)
Patients with cancer suffer a variety of symptoms. Cancer-associated malnutrition is one of the most common symptoms encountered. It can result from the systemic and local effects of a tumour, the host response to the tumour or advanced anticancer therapies (surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, biological immunotherapy and hormonal treatment). Cachexia often occurs in advanced cancer. It is a multifactorial syndrome characterized by anorexia accompanied by generalized host tissue wasting, skeletal muscle atrophy, immune dysfunction, and metabolic derangements. Cancer patients therefore have the double burden of fighting cancerous cells and finding ways of replacing damaged cells. Although cancer patients often have reduced food intake, alterations in metabolism and resting energy expenditure may also contribute to their nutritional status. Several agents produced in response to the tumour, such as pro-inflammatory cytokines and hormones, have been implicated in the pathogenesis of malnutrition and cachexia.
Access the Clinical Cases Database
A subscription is required to read the full article. Please subscribe using one of the options below.
|Foundation Years Clinical Cases Database||£29.00||6 months|
|Foundation Years Clinical Cases Database||£39.00||12 months|
Dr Mahmoud Ali Zohree Ali
Clinical Fellow Medical Oncology
Dr Paul Ross
Consultant Medical Oncology
Medical Oncology Department
1. European journal of nursing. The cause and consequences of cancerassociated malnutrition.Eric Van Cutsem, Jann Arends. 2005.
2. Zeman FJ: Nutrition and cancer. In: Zeman FJ: Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Macmillan Pub . Co, 1991, pp 571-98.
3. Albrecht JT, Canada TW: Cachexia and anorexia in malignancy. Hematol Oncol Clin North Am 10 (4): 791-800, 1996.
Conflict Of Interest
The Journal requires that authors disclose any potential conflict of interest that they may have. This is clearly stated in the Journal’s published “Guidelines for Authors”. The Journal follows the Guidelines against Conflict of Interest published in the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (http://www.icmje.org/urm_full.pdf).
The authors of this article have not been paid. The Journal is financed by subscriptions and advertising. The Journal does not receive money from any other sources. The decision to accept or refuse this article for publication was free from financial considerations and was solely the responsibility of the Editorial Panel and Editor-in-Chief.
Patient Consent statement
All pictures and investigations shown in this article are shown with the patients’ consent. We require Authors to maintain patients’ anonymity and to obtain consent to report investigations and pictures involving human subjects when anonymity may be compromised. The Journal follows the Guidelines of the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts (http://www.icmje.org/urm_full.pdf). The Journal requires in its Guidelines for Authors a statement from Authors that “the subject gave informed consent”.
Animal & Human Rights
When reporting experiments on human subjects, the Journal requires authors to indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the HelsinkiDeclaration of 1975, as revised in 2008.
About the Clinical Cases Database
The Foundation Years Clinical Cases Database is a selection of 600 peer-reviewed clinical cases in the field of patient safety and clinical practice, specifically focused on the clinical information needs of junior doctors, based around the Foundation Year Curriculum programme (MMC). The cases have been chosen to align with the Foundation Year Curriculum.
The database is fully searchable, or can be browsed by medical specialty. Abstracts can be read free of charge, however a subscription is required in order to read the complete cases.