Clinical Case Database / Category: Patient Management

Investigation and management of secondary amenorrhoea

Publication details

Fadi Alfhaily, MBChB, MSc, DFFP, MRCOG, Busola adeyomo, M.B.B.S,
Foundation Years Journal, volume 5, issue 5, p.60 (123Doc Education, London, June 2011)


Regular monthly menstruation is a phenomenon of modern society. Most people associate monthly menstrual loss with functioning fertility hence absence or cessation of menstruation will get most women concerned and seek medical explanation and a possible solution to their problem.

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Fadi Alfhaily, MBChB, MSc, DFFP, MRCOG

Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist,
Colchester University Hospital
NHS Foundation trust

Busola adeyomo, M.B.B.S,

Specialist Trainee in obstetrics and gynaecology,
Basildon hospital
NHS Trust


1. Jamil A. Fayez, M.D. Evaluation and Management of Amenorrhea: Review Questions. Hospital Physician May 2000.
2. Hillary O.D. Critchley. Amenorrhoea and oligomenorrhoea, and hypothalamic dysfunction. Gynaecology 3rd edn. 2003.
3. Tarannum Master-Hunter & Diana L Heilman. Amenorrhea: Evaluation and Treatment, April 15, 2006, Volume 73, Number 8 American Family Physician.


Conflict Of Interest

The Journal requires that authors disclose any potential conflict of interest that they may have. This is clearly stated in the Journal’s published “Guidelines for Authors”. The Journal follows the Guidelines against Conflict of Interest published in the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (

Financial Statement

The authors of this article have not been paid. The Journal is financed by subscriptions and advertising. The Journal does not receive money from any other sources. The decision to accept or refuse this article for publication was free from financial considerations and was solely the responsibility of the Editorial Panel and Editor-in-Chief.

Patient Consent statement

All pictures and investigations shown in this article are shown with the patients’ consent. We require Authors to maintain patients’ anonymity and to obtain consent to report investigations and pictures involving human subjects when anonymity may be compromised. The Journal follows the Guidelines of the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts ( The Journal requires in its Guidelines for Authors a statement from Authors that “the subject gave informed consent”.

Animal & Human Rights

When reporting experiments on human subjects, the Journal requires authors to indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the HelsinkiDeclaration of 1975, as revised in 2008.

About the Clinical Cases Database

T​he Foundation Years Clinical Cases Database is​ a selection of 600 peer-reviewed clinical cases in the field of patient safety and clinical practice, specifically focused on the clinical information needs of junior doctors, based around the Foundation Year Curriculum programme (MMC). The cases have been chosen to align with the Foundation Year Curriculum.

The database is fully searchable, or can be browsed by medical specialty. Abstracts can be read free of charge, however a subscription is required in order to read the complete cases.